CitationGuadamuz, Jenny S.; Durazo-Arvizu, Ramon A.; Daviglus, Martha L.; Perreira, Krista M.; Calip, Gregory S.; Nutescu, Edith A.; Gallo, Linda C.; Castaneda, Sheila F.; Gonzalez, Franklyn, II; & Qato, Dima M. (2020). Immigration Status and Disparities in the Treatment of Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (Visit 2, 2014-2017). American Journal of Public Health, 110(9), 1397-1404. PMCID: PMC7427208
AbstractObjectives: To estimate treatment rates of high cholesterol, hypertension, and diabetes among Hispanic/Latino immigrants by immigration status (i.e., naturalized citizens, documented immigrants, or undocumented immigrants).
Methods: We performed a cross-sectional analyses of the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (visit 2, 2014-2017). We restricted our analysis to Hispanic/Latino immigrants with high cholesterol (n = 3974), hypertension (n = 3353), or diabetes (n = 2406); treatment was defined as use of statins, antihypertensives, and antidiabetics, respectively.
Results: When compared with naturalized citizens, undocumented and documented immigrants were less likely to receive treatment for high cholesterol (38.4% vs 14.1%; prevalence ratio [PR] = 0.37 [95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.27, 0.51] and 25.7%; PR = 0.67 [95% CI = 0.58, 0.76]), hypertension (77.7% vs 57.7%; PR = 0.74 [95% CI = 0.62, 0.89] and 68.1%; PR = 0.88 [95% CI = 0.82, 0.94]), and diabetes (60.3% vs. 50.4%; PR = 0.84 [95% CI = 0.68, 1.02] and 55.8%; PR = 0.93 [95% CI = 0.83, 1.03]); the latter did not reach statistical significance. Undocumented and documented immigrants had less access to health care, including insurance coverage or a usual health care provider, than naturalized citizens. Therefore, adjusting for health care access largely explained treatment disparities across immigration status.
Conclusions: Preventing cardiovascular disease among Hispanic/Latino immigrants should focus on undertreatment of high cholesterol, hypertension, and diabetes by increasing health care access, especially among undocumented immigrants.
Reference TypeJournal Article
Journal TitleAmerican Journal of Public Health
Author(s)Guadamuz, Jenny S.
Durazo-Arvizu, Ramon A.
Daviglus, Martha L.
Perreira, Krista M.
Calip, Gregory S.
Nutescu, Edith A.
Gallo, Linda C.
Castaneda, Sheila F.
Gonzalez, Franklyn, II
Qato, Dima M.