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Cognition and Daily Functioning: Results from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (SOL) and Study of Latinos-Investigation of Neurocognitive Aging (SOL-INCA) – Carolina Center for Population Aging and Health

Cognition and Daily Functioning: Results from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (SOL) and Study of Latinos-Investigation of Neurocognitive Aging (SOL-INCA)

Citation

Stickel, Ariana M.; Tarraf, Wassim; Wu, Benson; Marquine, Maria J.; Vásquez, Priscilla M.; Daviglus, Martha L.; Estrella, Mayra L.; Perreira, Krista M.; Gallo, Linda C.; & Lipton, Richard B., et al. (2020). Cognition and Daily Functioning: Results from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (SOL) and Study of Latinos-Investigation of Neurocognitive Aging (SOL-INCA). Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, 77(3), 1267-1278. PMCID: PMC7945678

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Among older adults, poorer cognitive functioning has been associated with impairments in instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs). However, IADL impairments among older Hispanics/Latinos is poorly understood.
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the relationships between cognition and risk for IADL impairment among diverse Hispanics/Latinos.
METHODS: Participants included 6,292 community-dwelling adults from the Study of Latinos - Investigation of Neurocognitive Aging, an ancillary study of 45+ year-olds in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos. Cognitive data (learning, memory, executive functioning, processing speed, and a Global cognitive composite) were collected at Visit 1. IADL functioning was self-reported 7 years later, and treated as a categorical (i.e., risk) and continuous (i.e., degree) measures of impairment. Survey two-part models (mixture of logit and generalized linear model with Gaussian distribution) and ordered logistic regression tested the associations of cognitive performance (individual tests and composite z-score) with IADL impairment. Additionally, we investigated the moderating role of age, sex, and Hispanic/Latino background on the association between cognition and IADL impairment.
RESULTS: Across all cognitive measures, poorer performance was associated with higher odds of IADL impairment 7 years later. Associations were generally stronger for the oldest group (70+ years) relative to the youngest group (50-59 years). Sex and Hispanic/Latino background did not modify the associations. Across the full sample, lower scores on learning, memory, and the Global cognitive composite were also associated with higher degree of IADL impairment.
CONCLUSION: Across diverse Hispanics/Latinos, cognitive health is an important predictor of everyday functioning 7 years later, especially in older adulthood.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/jad-200502

Reference Type

Journal Article

Article Type

Regular

Year Published

2020

Journal Title

Journal of Alzheimer's Disease

Author(s)

Stickel, Ariana M.
Tarraf, Wassim
Wu, Benson
Marquine, Maria J.
Vásquez, Priscilla M.
Daviglus, Martha L.
Estrella, Mayra L.
Perreira, Krista M.
Gallo, Linda C.
Lipton, Richard B.
Isasi, Carmen R.
Kaplan, Robert C.
Zeng, Donglin
Schneiderman, Neil
González, Hector M.

PMCID

PMC7945678

Data Set/Study

Study of Latinos-Investigation of Neurocognitive Aging (SOL-INCA)

Continent/Country

United States of America

State

Nonspecific

Race/Ethnicity

Hispanic/Latinx